iMac on a desk

Tips for the Aspiring Web Developer

So you want to be a web developer…excellent choice! It’s a very rewarding position that can be a lot more fun than most other programming jobs. However, before you take the plunge into a career in web development, there are a few things you should probably consider.

A Different Way of Life

I’m not going to start by telling you that you’ll be working in at least five different programming languages on a daily basis. Nor am I going to talk about the rapidly changing technologies and standards that you’ll need to keep up with. And I’m not even going to mention the multitude of browser quirks that will keep you up into early hours of the morning. All that will come with experience. My goal is to help you understand the type of career—or perhaps the lifestyle—that you’re about to undertake.

As a web developer, the type of organization you work for makes a huge difference in how your career will evolve. Chances are, if you’re seriously considering web development as a career, you’ve already spent some of your own time dabbling in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and one or more server-side scripting languages. You probably discovered how much fun it can be to make something that millions of people could potentially see. If so, you have passion…and that’s a good thing.

It’s OK to be Passionate

Passion drives creativity. It’s what keeps you working on something for hours on end simply because you want to. It’s what eats away at your nights and weekends. It’s what sucks the spirit out of your social life. If you don’t have that drive, chances are you’re not going to enjoy being a web developer.

In my experience, passionate people tend to have their own way of doing things. The countless hours they spend educating themselves outside the realm of academia gives them insight that people without that dedication will never understand. They change their methods as technology evolves, are generally forward-thinking, and appreciate the “laws” of the web. They take their time to do things right. They care about quality, their user’s experience, and the final product. Employers don’t always like that, but that doesn’t mean it’s a bad thing.

“Right” is Not Always Right

Over the past decade, I’ve had the opportunity to work (as a web developer) for a manufacturing company, an academic institution, numerous web design firms (as a contractor), and for myself. I surround myself as much as possible with individuals who are in the same field as I am. Through many experiences and many discussions, I’ve come to realize that doing the “right” thing is not always what employers want you to do, particularly when budgets and deadlines are involved.

That’s a hard realization to come to when you’re passionate about what you do. Maybe you wanted to spend extra time refactoring that code you wrote—it “works”, but there’s a better way to do it—except the budget doesn’t allow for it. Maybe the client needed it out yesterday and you don’t have time to finish polishing off the interface you’ve been working on. Everyone’s going to know you’re responsible for it, but it’s not perfect yet and people may think your work is substandard. These things can be hard to deal with as a developer, so be prepared to sacrifice the quality of your work—or put in extra time off-the-clock—when budgets and timelines don’t permit.

Never Stop Learning

Where you work also plays a role in how your skills as a web developer evolve. Organizations tend to have their own standards and best practices in place that may or may not be as current as the rest of the world. I’ve seen design firms who are at least 10 years behind in their development methodologies. Their employees aren’t encouraged and, in some cases, aren’t permitted to use modern technologies and techniques. While this is obviously terrible for the organization, it’s also detrimental to the development of its employees.

If you find yourself in this position at any point in your career, you should talk to your management about the policies that are holding your organization back. If they’re too close-minded to consider anything outside their comfort zone, it may be time to find a position elsewhere. When there’s no opportunity to learn new things, you’ll likely get burned out and fall behind new trends in technology. That makes you less attractive to future employers, and overall, it’s really not much fun.

Additionally, it’s OK to make mistakes provided you learn from them. Always, always, always learn from your mistakes. And don’t be afraid to admit when you screw up. You’re human. It will happen. Owning up to things will garner you far more respect and wisdom than placing the blame on someone or something else.

Be Prepared to Give Up Sleep

There have been many, many, many nights where I’ve watched the sun set, then rise, and then set again. It doesn’t happen every day, but it happens. It’s something you have to expect as a developer. Whether it’s your own product launch or a really long workday that got prolonged because a server crashed, it’s going to happen.

Even when I had an eight-to-five job, there were still nights where important things needed to be done. A lot of times that meant working through the night. In fact, many tech positions share this quality, and developers are definitely no exception.

Find a Routine

It’s not always possible, but following a routine as often as you can will reduce stress, anxiety, and fatigue. Eat at the right times and try to get enough sleep. If you get caught up in a day from hell that shatters your daily routine (which you will at some point), do what you can to get back on track.

I can’t stress this point enough.

Put down your phone when it’s bedtime. Wake up when your alarm goes off. If you set aside some time for your significant other or your friends, give yourself that time to recenter. This may seem to contradict some of the points I’ve made previously, but this type of career isn’t just a career—it’s a lifestyle. You have to know how to balance things. Realize your limits and know when to keep going, but also know when to stop.

It’s not as easy as it sounds. In fact, it’s something that I continue to have problems with after many years in the field. However, when I do get back into a routine, I notice a clear difference in my attitude, health, performance, and overall well-being. This is really more of an issue for freelancers and startups, but even the eight-to-fiver can benefit from following a good daily routine.

Exercise Your Mind and Your Body

This is another thing that a lot of web developers who I meet seem to neglect. No matter how many hours you spend doing it, a code marathon isn’t going to make your body healthy. And if your body isn’t healthy, your mind will suffer.

Make it part of your routine. Spend at least 30 minutes a day doing some kind of exercise. Even if you just walk around outside for 30 minutes, it’s better than nothing.

Get in the Zone

Any web developer knows what it’s like, and how frustrating it can be when a distraction takes you out of the zone and blows your developmental buzz. Discover what helps you get in the zone and make it happen. Turn on the right type of music (to me, techno does the trick; anything else and I find myself getting caught up in the lyrics). Turn off your email and only check it at scheduled times. Turn off your cell phone (Android and iOS both have awesome do-not-disturb features). Turn off your instant messager.

Find your zen. Become one with your code. And then watch your productivity rage.

Keep Your Drive

No matter where you work or who you work for, it’s important to keep your drive. A successful developer will put in the extra hours to make an amazing product that impresses his manager and clients. Don’t get discouraged by a missed deadline—rectify it and explain how you needed the extra time to finish it properly…then try harder to be punctual next time. Learn new things as much as possible and integrate them into your projects when applicable. This keeps you up to date with technology and makes you more valuable to potential employers. If your organization fears new technology, stand up for what you believe in and encourage them to evolve their policies and practices.

Just remember, the job you have now is just a stepping stone in the river of your career. Don’t let anyone pull you into the water and drown out your dreams.

Photo courtesy of williamhook.

About the author

Cory LaViska is a founder, web developer, and bootstrapper based in Orlando, Florida. His current focus is on Surreal CMS, an awesome SaaS content management service for web designers. Need to get in touch? You can connect with him on Twitter.


  1. Alain says:

    I completely agree with you. I’m a web developer also and what makes me the right thing at the right time is having the right routine. This leaves me the time to work, have a social life and learn new stuff!

  2. Michael Movsesov says:

    Great read. Thanks for sharing these tips. I’m currently in school studying to become a web developer and this is definitely great insight.

  3. Bud Kaye says:

    Wow, you have typed out about exactly what is in my mind! I started getting into web development a year ago, and those 16 hour days, 3am “code learning” pushes seem like nothing! Talk about passion! Thanks for your words.

  4. Chris Montealegre says:

    I practice this every day. You couldn’t have said it better. Excellent article! Without passion, this is work.

  5. Zach Bennett says:

    Well said! I started my career in web development about 4 years ago, and you’ve captured almost everything I’ve learned about the lifestyle.

    Just one thing to add… Regarding missed deadlines, you said to “explain how you needed the extra time to finish it properly”.

    I’ve found that it’s best to see the missed deadline before it happens. Explain the need for more time to your manager or client before you’re late. Explain what corners will have to be cut if you don’t get the extra time. Sometimes you’ll get the extension you’re looking for, sometimes you’ll be told to cut the corners. Either way, it keeps you “on time” and it relieves some of the accountability for the corners you have to cut.

  6. Yoke Lee says:

    Totally Agree. This is like reading my own life for the past 5 years. Although I don’t lose sleep now—full-fledge eight to five web developer who actually has life =)

  7. Eddie Hurtig says:

    This was like reading a narrative of my life for the past 2 years. Thanks, great read (and design).

  8. Jakemo says:

    So this is what i have to look forward to? Being paid $50-60k, and working more than 10 times the people around me, nary the social life or living a fruitful well-rounded life? What’s the point? Why not just off yourself?

    I think the keyword here is “slavery”, and “passion” is the mindset the slaveowners want you to force-feed yourself so you drive yourself to dirt.

    I’m assuming everyone here doesn’t have a life, lives in a condo, has no kids or a sterile wife, and loves the idea of being a shut-in.

    Oh, and yes I was forced into it, being a graphic designer that keeps finding only jobs in development.

  9. Cory LaViska says:


    I’m going to give you the benefit of the doubt and assume that you—at least at some point—liked being a designer, and that’s how you ended up in this field. Clearly, things have soured for you along the way and your career isn’t what you hoped it would be. In fact, you sound downright pissed off about it.

    You should change that.

    Make your own opportunities. If you’re good at what you do, your talents will be well-received in any interview or business venture you find yourself in.

    There’s no satisfaction with sitting quietly and getting angry about things. If something in your life sucks, the only person who can make it better is you. How much better depends on how hard you’re willing to work to rise above your current situation. And that, my friend, is where passion will help you fly.

  10. E Dot says:

    How long does it take for a one to teach themselves web development on their own? Using free sites, I would like to be done in a year.

    • Cory LaViska says:

      You never stop learning, so the more you put into something the better you’ll become at it. You can learn a good amount in a year, but it will take much longer than that to polish your design/development skills.